The Science of Synbiotics and The Human Microbiome
Your health and wellbeing not only relies on your own cells but also the trillions of microbes, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses that live on and, inside our bodies: known as the Microbiome.
We are incredible and diverse ecosystems and our own body cells and the microbiome must work in harmony together to protect us from pathogens, and to support and guide our immune system, and help us digest our food to produce energy.
This vibrant and dynamic relationship started at birth and has been evolving every day since.
How do synbiotics work?
Synbiotics are a mixture of live microorganisms and substrates selectively utilized by host microorganisms, that confer a health benefit on the host.
The assemblage of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa etc) that inhabit the human body, their genomes (genetic profile) and metabolites (chemicals microorganisms produce and parts of their cell walls that dislodge), as well as the environment (affected by your food, drink, thoughts, activity, social, air, home etc) in which they live. Also referred to as the “Microbiota.”
Organisms that are part of the microbiome and can be isolated from all areas in constant contact with the external environment (e.g., the skin, upper respiratory tract, or urogenital tract). However, they are most abundant in the gastrointestinal tract.
stimulation of the immune system (70-80% of our immune cells are in our gut)
improved digestion and absorption of food
protection and reduced growth of harmful pathogenic microbes
a stable emotional state
supply of fatty acids, amino acids, essential vitamins, and nutrients
maintenance of the integrity of our intestinal barrier, vital for immunity.
Decrease in total number of beneficial microorganisms
Decrease in diversity of the beneficial microorganisms
Increase in pathogenic and parasitic microorganisms
Reduction in immune, digestion, organ, reproductive and brain function
impaired ability to digest and assimilate food
maintenance of the integrity of our intestinal barrier, vital for immunity
The healthy interaction of your microbiome and gastrointestinal tract benefits your whole body through the systemic distribution of an incredible variety of vital substances and cells produced in the intestine. This systemic interaction is called the gut-organ axis: Three examples are the gut-brain, gut-skin, gut-lung axis.
To remain healthy, it is imperative that you support a healthy diverse microbiome. Changes in diet, lifestyle, environment, and stress reduction can all positively modify your microbiome and overall health.
Microbiome research now clearly shows that there are three powerful microbiome enhancing tools we can use to positively change our microbiome.
Weeds: Bio-az synbiotics challenge indigenous pathogens and non-beneficial microbes in the microbiome.
Seeds: Bio-az synbiotics improve the survival of probiotics in transit in the upper GIT and the implantation of probiotics and indigenous beneficial microbes in the microbiome.
Feeds: Bio-az synbiotics nourish the gut microbiome with the nutrients and metabolites necessary for a healthy microbiota.